Why Focus On Health & Wellbeing?
Medical science has made great strides over the years. Some of the most widespread and rampant diseases have now been wiped off the face of the earth. But with greater medical advancements, mankind is posed with the threat of newer diseases and much stronger and resistant strains of bacteria and viruses.
HEALTH & WELLBEING IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
‘Good health and well-being’ is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals laid down by the United Nations. The intergovernmental organisation states that the progress made concerning achieving optimum health remains uneven and lopsided across the globe.
Undeniably, great progress has been made against several leading causes of death and disease. Life expectancy has increased dramatically with declining infant and maternal mortality rates across the globe, however, this progress has been uneven – “both between and within countries,” states the UNDP.
“There’s a 31-year gap between the countries with the shortest and longest life expectancies. And while some countries have made impressive gains, national averages hide that many are being left behind”.
The United Nations estimates at least 400 million have no basic healthcare. Over 15 million people are still waiting for HIV treatment. Damage to women’s health due to some form of sexual violence prevails while a person dies every 2nd second across the globe “prematurely from noncommunicable diseases – cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes or cancer”.
HEALTH & WELLBEING IN INDONESIA
Indonesia happens to be among countries that face the challenge of improving access to health services for the most disadvantaged people.
“Indonesia has taken significant steps towards improving access to health care in recent years, including the introduction of a national health coverage scheme,” notes a World Health Organisation feature story on healthcare in Indonesia.
However, a report published jointly by the WHO and the Indonesian Ministry of Health shows that the country grapples with inequalities when it comes to providing access to healthcare to its people. “Peoples’ age, sex, economic status, educational level, employment or place of residence can all impact their health status and access to services,” the report read.
HEALTH & WELLBEING, & NAWA CITA
United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 3 (Good Health and Well-being) converge with Indonesia’s ‘Nine Aspirations’ or national development goals called Nawa Cita laid down by the Indonesian President Joko Widodo. It mirrors in Nawa Cita Chapter 1.
According to the United Nations, “multisectoral, rights-based and gender-sensitive approaches are essential to address inequalities and to build good health for all,” across the globe.