Environmental Conservation In Indonesia

Jul 10, 2019 | by user

Environmental Conservation in Indonesia: Why do we need to focus on it?

Environmental conservation has always been vital to human existence, more now than anytime before. The rate at which our forest cover is depleting and the ecosystem is getting disrupted is alarming.

Climate change has taken a tangible shape – perpetrating natural disasters and conflicts – putting the existence of millions of species under threat.

It is estimated that the planet’s average surface temperature has risen by 0.5 degrees since the late 19th century, while the total annual global greenhouse gas emissions reached its highest levels in 2017, with no sign of peaking.

According to UN Environment, with the world’s population inching over 8 billion, the sound management of chemicals and waste is becoming ever more important.

It is estimated that by 2025, the world’s cities will produce 2.2 billion tonnes of waste every year – three times the amount produced in 2009.

Deforestation, fishing, illicit poaching, among other activities, are causing unimaginable damage to the ecosystem and its rich wildlife.

According to the United Nations, 13 million hectares of forests are being wiped out every year, posing a severe threat to the wildlife and pushing many vulnerable species to the verge of extinction.

Countries across the world grapple with challenges “linked to air, soil and water pollution and exposure to toxic chemicals under the auspices of multilateral environmental agreements. But there is still much work to be done,” as stated by UN Environment on its website.

It is estimated that by 2025, the world’s cities will produce 2.2 billion tonnes of waste every year – three times the amount produced in 2009.





All in all, the struggles in the way to conserve the environment are many. The United Nations, under its Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), takes initiatives and strikes partnerships to support environmental conservation. 

United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for environmental conservation are mirrored in the ‘Nine Aspirations’ or national development goals called Nawa Cita, laid down by the Indonesian President Joko Widodo.


UN SDGs – 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), 13 (Climate Action), 14 (Life Below Water) and 15 (Life Above Land) – converge in chapters N3, 4, 6, 7, 8 as highlighted by a UNDP report on Indonesia.



Indonesia, home to thriving wildlife and abundant flora and fauna, is also one of the rapidly developing nations. It faces the risk of degrading most of its forests and wildlife reserves while gasping for clean air.

It is estimated that over 90% of Indonesia’s coral reefs are under threat. Over 20% of its forests have been destroyed in the last two decades, while the air quality tumbles down to poor. A nation that harbors roughly 15% of the global flora and fauna, it is imperative to take steps to conserve the environment here.


Environmental conservation features in five of the ‘nine aspirations’ of Indonesia’s Nawa Cita.

Development of peripheral areas (Chapter 3), reforming enforcement agencies – illegal logging, land rights (chapters 6, 4) and developing domestic strategic sectors – food, water, energy, natural resources, maritime, finance, fiscal (Chapters 6, 7).

Read about Animal Welfare in Indonesia

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