Why Focus On Disaster Relief?
Disasters, conflicts, and calamities displace millions across the globe. Effective management of crises, risk reduction and providing relief, therefore, remain of the utmost importance.
According to the United Nations, “sudden-onset disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, and tropical cyclones, are likely to displace nearly 14 million people worldwide each year”.
Unless disaster risk is managed better, homelessness among people in the world’s most disaster-prone countries is predicted to continue rising, said a UN report published in 2017.
A 2017 study conducted by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre of the Norwegian Refugee Council and the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) assessed 207 countries to arrive at the fact that 8 of 10 countries with the highest risk of future displacement and loss of housing are in South and Southeast Asia.
“Sudden-onset disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, and tropical cyclones, are likely to displace nearly 14 million people worldwide each year”.
DISASTER RELIEF AND UN SDGs
Disaster risk reduction feature in 10 of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) laid down by the United Nations. The UN identifies disaster risk reduction as a core development strategy.
UN SDGs that focus on disaster risk reduction include No Poverty (1), Zero Hunger (2), Good Health & Wellbeing (3), Quality Education (4), Clean Water and Sanitation (6), Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (9), Sustainable Cities and Communities (11), Climate Action (13), Life Below Water (14) and Life on Land (15).
DISASTER RELIEF IN INDONESIA
Indonesia happens to be one such country besides India, China, Bangladesh, Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russia and the United States.
As per the report, as many as 380,000 people face the risk of displacement owing to disasters in Indonesia. India tops the list with a whopping 2.3 million people.
Needless to say natural hazards, calamities and disaster culminate into gigantic economic losses. Indonesia has borne the brunt of disasters like tsunamis, earthquakes and forest fires.
Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB), stated that as many nearly 2,000 natural disasters rocked the country last year displacing over 2 million people and claiming thousands of lives.
The Sulawesi Tsunami and earthquake and Lombok disasters caused huge financial losses to the country.
DISASTER RELIEF AS A GOAL IN NAWA CITA
UN SDGs focused on disaster risk reduction and relief also mirror in Indonesia’s ‘Nine Aspirations’ or national development goals called Nawa Cita, laid down by the Indonesian President Joko Widodo.
All in all, to mitigate the number of homeless and displaced people across the globe, risk of disasters and natural calamities need to be assessed and relief work must be provided on war footing. Artemis Impact becomes a chain in connecting NGOs working towards disaster relief and risk reduction in Indonesia with volunteers keen on working in the disaster relief and risk reduction sector of Indonesia.
“Disaster risk reduction and management must become an integral part of modern agriculture,” José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
While floods and storms bear the greatest impact in Asia, the agricultural systems here are also heavily affected by earthquakes, tsunamis and extreme temperatures.
“Building a more holistic and ambitious disaster-resilience framework for agriculture is crucial to ensuring sustainable development, which is a cornerstone for peace and the basis for adaptation to climate change,” da Silva stated as quoted in a piece published on UN website last year.